“奇亚币的挖矿方式则是用“硬碟与时间”,为了划分传统挖矿方式,该公司称此运作为“耕田”,简而言之,持有越大的硬碟储存空间越久,就越有机会得到 Chia 币,大幅缩减了挖矿所需的电力支出。”

总结

定位:Chia 币(代码 XCH)的口号是“绿色比特币”,奇亚币的挖矿方式则是用“硬碟与时间”,为了划分传统挖矿方式,该公司称此运作为“耕田”,简而言之,持有越大的硬碟储存空间越久,就越有机会得到 Chia 币,大幅缩减了挖矿所需的电力支出。

核心技术:Chia 的“耕田”相当于把一张答案表先抄在了自己的硬盘上,然后根据每10分钟给出的题目在自己的表格上面找答案。但是由于整张答案表是巨大的抄不完的,每个人只能抄他所拥有的储存容量上限的答案,所以相当于先买了彩票,等系统开奖。如果这个答案在自己的表格上,那就可以通过搜索答案得到Chia的奖励。

挖矿成本/门槛低:Chia 挖矿后的硬盘残值很高,即使在 Chia 投资失败的情况下,矿工们也可以直接用硬盘投资其他的存储赛道,实在不行最后二手硬盘还可以变卖,成本风险有效降低。

价格起伏大:前期暴跌可能是因为大量矿工选择了获利了结,后因在 OKEx 以及多家二线交易平台发行上线价格上涨,近期又价格回落,市场情绪低迷。

 

优势:

  • 创始人有影响力:团队是以 Bit Torrent 之父 Bram Cohen 为首的明星团队。
  • 豪华的投资阵容:投资方有华尔街顶级风投机 Greylock 和 A16Z 的参股领投。2018 年至 2020 年,A16Z、丹华资本、DCM Ventures 等华尔街机构对 Chia 进行了投资
  • 技术独创性:目前来看 Chia 币的确开创了一种新的公链上链机制
  • 潜力赛道:存储类算法赛道这个有潜力的方向
  • 硬盘挖矿,省电环保:Chia 用“容量证明”来进行挖矿,挖矿过程消耗宽带资源小。
  • 安全合规性:Chia 可以说是积极拥抱监管,倡导合规。
  • 机遇:Chia Network 主网上线后热度剧增,有用户反馈可与 Filecoin 媲美。
  • 社会热度: Chia 项目方非常善于营销和宣传,我们可以看到很多公众账号,社群都在火热讨论。

可能未来价格会被拉升:由于硬盘的获得成本和生产周期远低于显卡,且中国占有世界70%机械硬盘的产能,未来可能这些硬盘制造商可能也会通过在数字货币二级市场囤货来提高 Chia 币价格一并提高自己的硬盘价格,或者直接加入一级市场参与挖矿。因此有可能发生矿场与硬盘制造商占有大部分初始资产,并炒高币价的情况。

劣势/风险:

价值不稳定,依托于市场的热度和共识:Chia 币价值的未来发展依托于市场的热度和共识带来的需求

无任何应用场景:目前可扩展性和可应用的场景是区块链技术可长期发展的重要决定因素,但Chia链没有给出每秒交易量(可扩展性重要指标),暂时也还没有任何的应用场景。Chia 想要做的支付工具将面临巨大的监管压力。

XCH 的经济模型是存在一定缺陷:Chia 最具创新性的“大额预挖”和“低门槛挖矿”却很有可能成为XCH的最大风险,随时可能面临大规模抛压和代币过于集中的问题。目前只看到了 XCH 的产出机制,关于 XCH 的回收机制未见详细描述

算力过剩导致“矿难”的发生:Chia 挖矿模式比较简单,加上现在的高热度,很大可能会在短时间内吸引大批的矿工参与,因此短期可能面对抛压。

挖矿(耕田)风险:由于硬盘相对于显卡而言工艺门槛低,各大矿场获得这些储存空间也比获得算力来的简单的多,所以个人挖矿虽然目前看来仍然有收益但是如果 XCH 币价依然维持在目前的高度,各大矿场极有可能已经开始涌入储存空间,届时个人的储存空间将完全微不足道,获得的 CHIA 币的份额也会有所下降, 耕田收益将被压缩。

 

Chia(XCH)简介

基本介绍

Chia 是一条全新的公链,可以延迟和撤销转账的数字资产,这一功能可以衍生很多应用。Chia 的目标是成为第一个可公开交易的“类似 ETF”的加密资产,成为主权国家、金融机构和企业在日常商业中使用的加密资产。

XCH 币的口号是“绿色比特币”,不同于比特币、以太币用 ASIC 或显卡矿机挖矿,奇亚币的挖矿方式则是用“硬碟与时间”,为了划分传统挖矿方式,该公司称此运作为“耕种”,简而言之,持有越大的硬碟储存空间越久,就越有机会得到奇亚币。 有别于主流的“工作量证明”(PoW),改采“时间与空间证明”(PoST)作为共识机制,利用硬碟空间与网路资源进行运算,大幅缩减了挖矿所需的电力支出。

流通量上限:4200万

Chia预挖分析

Chia预挖挖出的2100万枚XCH作为战略储备金。战略储备金不会用来出售和发放,公司拟将该战略储备金用于但不限于以下用途:

  1. 向政府、金融机构、做市商和企业借出 Chia,用于其与 Chia相关的项目,如资产发行、支付国际发票和在各种数字资产交易平台提供流动性;
  2. 在公开登记股权后,用Chia资助股东活动,如回购股份或向股东分红;
  3. 利用Chia投资于有前景的项目,以扩大Chia在资产和金融科技市场上的功能和影响力,但在项目公开注册股权之前,不能投资;
  4. 项目方可能会使用Chia增加额外的耕种奖励 (farming) 或以其他方式激励农民 (farmers) 或开发人员验证或开发网络或软件。

Chia投入资金价值分析

官网显示目前的单T产量为:0.0033,由上图可以看出单T产量呈现出明显的下降趋势,全网算力也极速增加至2.67EiB。Chia 与 BTC 类似,有固定时间产出量与减半周期,挖矿模型目前比较简单,并不像 Filecoin 那么复杂,最终价格高低将决定矿工的收益,虽然场外交易还没有开始,但可以预测出 XCH 的价格在上所后会有一波涨势,届时会吸引更多的矿工入场,但有可能很快会达到算力与收益平衡,甚至出现算力过剩的风险。

 

团队

Chia 由曾经的 BitTorrent 创始人 Bram Cohen 于 2017 年于创立,团队核心成员还包括 eMusic.com 和 Vindicia 的前创始人兼首席执行官 Gene Hoffman, 以及Overstock.com 的前代理首席执行官 Mitch Edwards,这样的创始团队阵容颇受市场的认可和推崇。

* BitTorrent是一种用于点对点文件共享的通信协议,它允许用户以分散的方式在互联网上分发数据和电子文件。

 

投资方

投资方有华尔街顶级风投机Greylock和A16Z的参股领投。2018 年至 2020 年,A16Z、丹华资本、DCM Ventures 等华尔街机构对 Chia 进行了投资,团队融资情况较为乐观,豪华的投资阵容成为了 Chia 的优势。

 

技术

技术上自创了比特币以来第一个新的中本共识算法,编写一套全新的编程语言 Chialist,弥补了 BTC 和 ETH 这两条公链的所有缺陷和不足。

  • Chia币的挖矿收益:每10分钟64个 Chia 奖励
  • 减半策略:3年一减半
  • 64chia:在主网启动后的前3年,每10分钟将产生
  • 32chia:在主网启动后的第4年至第6年,每10分钟将产生
  • 16chia:在主网启动后的第7年至第9年,每10分钟将产生
  • ​​​​​8chia:在第10年至第12年中,每10分钟将产生
  • ​​​​​​4chia:在第12年之后,每年每10分钟产生

 

储备额:2100万个(官方表示不会出售也不会发给内部员工,官方也不会参与种田

 

Chia 币的挖矿机制

  1. 空间证明:空间证明是一种证明你在硬盘上保留一些未使用的存储空间的方式。Chia(奇亚)网络的区块链用户 会通过安装软件,将硬盘上未使用的空间绘制(plots)出来,软件会生成并将磁盘上的密码数字集 合存储成地块。这些用户被称为农民(farmers),与 Proof of Work 的矿工不同。当一个新的区块在奇亚网络的区块链上广播时,农民会扫描他们的地块,看看他们是否有一个与前一个区块衍生的新挑战号接近的数字。这种检查空间证明的操作速度很快,效率也很高.按目前的发币速度,一个硬盘的部分储存空间可以当作一个农田,一个农田平均每天有 4608 次挑战获胜的机会。
  2. 时间证明:由于空间证明只需要很少的时间来查询,为了防止拥有大量空间的攻击者创建备用的竞争性交易,Chia的第二个重要技术,叫做时间证明。时间证明由一个可验证延迟函数来实现,它需要一定的时间来计算,但验证速度非常快。VDF的关键思想是它需要顺序计算,因此拥有许多并行机器或 CPU/GPU/ASIC(如在工作 证明挖掘中)不会产生效益,因此电力浪费最小。相当于不管用硬件来计算,计算机算法仍然是基于二进制的计算,所以这种抵抗并行计算在不同硬件中算出结果的时间相近。空间证明与时间证明交替运行产生新块:因为下一个区块的验证者将以一种完全不可预测的方式被选择,所以想要记录好之前所有的历史交易并完成交易信息的更改同时成为下一个块链的发现者的可能性非常之小(但不能说完全没有)。


技术小结:

和比特币以太坊Proof of work的抢答得币不同,Chia的“耕田”也就是“p图”的过程相当于把一张答案表先抄在了自己的硬盘上,然后根据每10分钟给出的题目在自己的表格上面找答案,同时为了保证大家在自己的硬盘上找答案的速度相近(避免像比特币以太坊那样夸张的算力差距),但是由于整张答案表是巨大的抄不完的,每个人只能抄他所拥有的储存容量上限的答案,所以相当于先买了彩票,等系统开奖,如果这个答案在自己的表格上,那就可以通过搜索答案得到Chia的奖励,如果运气不好,答案并不在自己的表格上,那他就不可能在这个块中得到奖励。但一个人发现自己在自己的硬盘上找到了这一轮的答案,那么他就可以将这个答案和这10分钟的块的信息打包上链(这一部分和大部分公链相同),给所有节点验证,通过验证后他就获得了这个10分钟的Chia币奖励,同时公链上也多了一个新的块。

 

量化指标(交易所数据、价格等)

虚拟货币 

现价$

流通市值$  (排名)

成交量$ 24H 

换手率  24H

XCH

1006.24

5.1亿

6715万

13.17%

价格变化原因:

  • 前期价格暴跌原因:早期矿工的抛压回本,获利了结
  • 本轮暴涨的原因:2021年5月4日凌晨2点,Chia在全球著名的交易平台OKEx以及多家二线交易平台发行上线,有报道称:XCH最低报价495USDT,最高报价2500USDT,一夜暴涨500%。截止到2021年5月7日,XCH价格稳定在600USDT左右。

优势劣势

优势

  • 明星团队:以 Bit Torrent 之父 Bram Cohen 为首的明星团队
  • 潜力赛道:存储类算法赛道这个有潜力的方向
  • 硬盘挖矿,省电环保:Chia 用“容量证明”来进行挖矿,挖矿过程消耗宽带资源少
  • 安全合规性:Chia 可以说是积极拥抱监管,倡导合规
  • 机遇:Chia (奇亚) Network主网上线后热度剧增,有用户反馈可与Filecoin媲美
  • 社会热度: Chia 项目方非常善于营销和宣传,我们可以看到很多公众账号,社群都在火热讨论

Chia 借鉴了 Filecoin 的模式,Chia 也是硬盘挖矿,可它更抓住了小矿工们的心理,不用质押,只需购买硬盘组装就可挖矿

劣势

  • Chia 挖矿面临的问题是,爆炒的硬盘,无抵押币导致的抛压,交易所炒作空气币对币本身的信用消耗。

  • 无应用场景

  • 无长期价值,目前的价格看好取决于市场对这个币的认可。

前景风险

前景

  • Filecoin 矿机的配置天然适合 Chia 挖矿,将会有越来越多的 Fil 矿商参与 Chia 挖矿,Fil 矿工参与将具有较大的成本优势。同时 Fil 矿商势必会将 Chia 的相关算力或矿机产品推给其 Fil 客户,这无疑会扩大 XCH 的传播度,加大 Chia 挖矿的 Fomo 情绪。
  • Chia 挖矿将由拼算力增速阶段走向比拼成本阶段。Chia 矿工算力增长阶段,由于 P 盘机可复用,只需增加存储机即可;同时当算力不再增长后(会持续产出收益),其成本主要为矿机的供电供网成本,这一点与 BTC 类似。低功耗的存储方案将是未来 Chia 挖矿的核心竞争力。
  • 目前来看 Chia 币的确开创了一种新的公链上链机制,但是由于硬盘的获得成本和生产周期远低于显卡,且中国占有世界70%机械硬盘的产能,未来可能这些硬盘制造商可能也会通过在数字货币二级市场囤货来提高Chia币价格一并提高自己的硬盘价格,或者直接加入一级市场参与挖矿。因此有可能发生矿场与硬盘制造商占有大部分初始资产,并炒高币价的情况。

 

风险

  • Chia 最具创新性的“大额预挖”和“低门槛挖矿”却很有可能成为XCH的最大风险,不得不承认XCH的经济模型是存在一定缺陷的,随时可能面临大规模抛压和代币过于集中的质疑。
  • Chia 项目最大的风险就是算力过剩导致矿难的发生。并且 Chia 挖矿模式比较简单,加上现在的高热度,很大可能会在短时间内吸引大批的矿工参与,因此短期可能面对抛压。
  • Chia network 致力于改善全球金融和支付系统,似乎不容易。前有支付项目鼻祖瑞波就其代币 XRP 的属性和违规出售与美国监管机构 SEC 长期博弈,后有大量合规稳定币。Chia 想要做的支付工具将面临巨大的监管压力。
  • Chia 经济模型存在缺陷,XCH 二级市场走势不容乐观。通读 XCH 的经济模型,只看到了 XCH 的产出机制,关于 XCH 的回收机制未见详细描述。未来 XCH 上线交易所,矿工挖矿不断造成抛压,币价难以维系。
  • ​​​​​挖矿(种田)风险:由于硬盘相对于显卡而言工艺门槛低,各大矿场获得这些储存空间也比获得算力来的简单的多,所以个人挖矿虽然目前看来仍然有收益但是如果xch币价依然维持在目前的高度,各大矿场极有可能已经开始涌入储存空间,届时个人的储存空间将完全微不足道,获得的chia币的份额也会有所下降, 种田收益将被压缩。
1,360 thoughts on “硬盘也能用来挖矿?Chia (XCH) 深度分析”
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