关键见解

随着dYdX V4的推出。协议操作将被转移到dYdX DAO,它将在多个子DAO

子DAO将允许DAO在贡献者之间轻松分工,但需要适当的检查和平衡,以避免子DAO以集中的身份运作。

运营子DAO将是下一个启动的子DAO,将为未来的子DAO提供一个结构化的框架。

简介

2022年11月2日,dYdX基金会发布公告,围绕dYdX DAO的近期和长期目标启动了社区讨论。该公告详细介绍了未来dYdX DAO的可能结构,它将包括一些被称为子DAO的自主工作组。在发布这个公告之前,dYdX基金会采取了几个步骤来战略性地组织dYdX DAO,为V4的推出和协议的全面去中心化做准备。

dYdX V4

2021年12月31日,dYdX团队宣布了该协议的下一个版本,即dYdX V4的计划。这次转型的主要障碍是分散匹配引擎和订单簿。因此,dYdX团队在6月宣布了dYdX Chain,这是一个独立的基于Cosmos的区块链,为dYdX协议的特定需求而定制。通过在Cosmos上推出V4,dYdX将使验证者能够运行一个内存(链外)订单簿,允许高吞吐量,订单由网络实时匹配,交易在每个区块中被承诺。

另一个根本性的变化将是DYDX治理代币,它将获得额外的效用,作为dYdX链的第一层代币。根据最近的V4里程碑更新,V4主网将于2023年第二季度发布。随着V4里程碑的发布,全面去中心化的下一步是为协议在DAO下有效运行奠定基础。

一个由DAO运行的协议

V4将强调把dYdX协议的所有权转移给DAO。DAO的任务是确保dYdX协议的发展和成功,所以基金会在启动时为成功做好准备是很重要的。基金会最近的博文概述了subDAO模式,它将在DAO贡献者之间进行分工。

通常情况下,社区倡导去中心化,却忽略了该模式所隐含的基本责任。许多DAO贡献者的贡献是在论坛帖子上提供意见,并在提案出现时才投票。在大多数情况下,贡献者依赖项目团队或大型利益相关者来运营,并通过发起提案来提供社区指导。这种结构会在社区的信息和大型利益相关者的信息之间引入不对称性。这使得社区和贡献者对整体任务没有明确的理解。因此,DAO很难吸引与任务相一致的贡献者,使协议在分散运营方面没有效果。

dYdX在记录DAO的使命和实现使命所需的贡献者方面表现出色,dYdX的创始人Antonio Juliano在The dYdX Community Values博文中就是一个例子。该文章确定了朱利亚诺对dYdX社区价值的想法,更重要的是,对DAO应该考虑资助哪些类型的贡献者。朱利亚诺建议,与其用少量的钱来补偿大量的贡献者,不如将大量的钱支付给少量的高素质的贡献者。

子DAO

为了划分内部运作,DAO将由几个自主的子DAO组成。每个子DAO将从事协议的核心功能,并对dYdX社区负责。最近一项由dYdX资助的研究,”dYdX的组织转型”,深入研究了通过自主的子DAO进行分权的物流。

赠款子DAO

dYdX赠款子DAO是dYdX推出的第一个子DAO。它的任务是通过授权社区贡献者从事特定任务来加速dYdX协议的增长。该计划于2021年12月启动,至今已完成了15轮,涉及众多资助类别。

资助项目是在一个独立的法律包装下进行的,称为根西岛目的信托。这使得赠款计划的多签名人可以作为受托人,而DYDX代币持有人可以作为受益人。

业务子DAO

随着dYdX赠款计划的启动和运行,dYdX最近宣布打算推出其第二个子DAO,即运营子DAO。11月9日,Reverie发布了一份dYdX征求意见稿(DRC),概述了运营子DAO的细节。

运营子DAO,也被称为 “Ops Trust”,将建立dYdX游戏手册,以及未来dYdX子DAO成功运作的结构。运营结构将包括建立银行能力,以支付基于法币的费用(即法律费用、服务提供商合同等),并管理一个DAO通信渠道。Ops Trust还将发布dYdX DAO游戏手册,其中包括启动未来子DAO所需的步骤。这些步骤包括法律实体选择、操作程序、法律协议和模板、DAO工具建议、以及透明度和社区参与的提示。

运营子DAO结构

运营信托将作为根西岛目的信托启动,类似于赠款信托。格恩西岛的法律允许建立一个具有非慈善目的的信托,代表一个受托人或一个特定的信托团体行事。

该信托将由三名受托人和一名执行者组成。执法者的角色将由英联邦的业务和运营主管乔治-比尔(George Beall)担任,而受托人将包括雷维(Reverie)、乔安娜-波普(Joanna Pope)和另一名尚未命名的受托人。运营部的费用总额为372,000美元,用于6个月的工作。这些费用包括受托人和执行人的报酬(21万美元),法律和业务费用(10万美元),以及20%的市场缓冲资金。

未来的次级DAO

一旦运营框架建立起来,dYdX打算授权社区根据需要推出更多的子DAO–包括但不限于金融和财务管理、增长、风险管理和社区的子DAO。

(Source: dYdX Foundation)

分析subDAO模式

子DAO模型在已经完全去中心化或正在去中心化的DAO中得到了普及。随着DAO的普及,人们很快发现,让一大群贡献者异步工作是非常难以管理的。

子DAO模式使DAO能够根据需要外包工作,并在出现痛点时灵活地强调。该模型还允许贡献者更好地协调,因为子DAO可以为特定的目标进行专门化。此外,由于子DAO(理论上)将直接向DAO报告,因此会有内在的制衡。然而,如果没有DAO执行适当的检查和平衡,子DAO可以以集中的方式运作,由少数人保持对DAO资产、决策和运作的控制。

接下来的步骤

在未来几周,dYdX DAO将讨论DAO的现状,当V4启动时它需要达到的位置,以及为成功启动V4和去中心化协议需要做什么。在2023年第二季度的V4之前,唯一将推出的子DAO是运营子DAO,未来的子DAO预计将在2023年第三季度推出。

Reverie的运营子DAO提案的下一步将是快照投票。如果投票通过,该实体将被创建,包括一个由受托人组成的Gnosis Safe Multisig,信托协议和一个链上短时锁提案。然后,该提案将在链上进行投票,如果通过,所要求的资金将被发送到Ops Trust multisig,正式启动Operations subDAO。

结论

dYdX的去中心化之路包括运营和大型责任被移交给DAO。这些努力将确保DAO由愿意承担这些责任的与任务相一致的贡献者组成,并根据需要提供一个外包任务的渠道。

由于许多DAO都在努力独立运作,看到dYdX DAO通过对其组织结构的精心规划来减轻这些低效率的风险,令人感到欣慰。如果得到社区的批准,dYdX的子DAO将成为运营的核心,因为该协议正朝着完全去中心化的愿景前进。

 

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