“SOL 公链有着强大的吞吐量及极短的交易时间,其五百多个节点也保持了网络的去中心化特性。”

简介:

Solana 公链是一个高性能、低费用的公链,也支持智能合约以及去中心化应用 dApps。利用其突破性”历史证明”科技,SOL 公链除了能达到50-65000 TPs 吞吐量外,也能保持其去中心化和保密性。

SOL 公链简介:

SOL 公链有着强大的吞吐量及极短的交易时间,其五百多个节点也保持了网络的去中心化特性。也由于 SOL 链的区快产出时间短,也导致了整条链的数据非常大,高达 2TB 一年。而 SOL 则使用了去中心化存储方案 Arweave 把区快链储存。

 

共识算法:

SOL 网络采用了 PoS 的共识演算法,也使用了独特演算法 Tower BFT 来加强 PoS。Tower BFT 是实用拜占庭容错(PBFT)的定制实现,确保了网络的安全性。此外,加上 SOL 独有的历史证明 PoH 科技,SOL 公链的效能得以大大提高。下面也有8个 SOL 独有的网络方案:

  • 涡轮机:一个受 BitTorrent 启发的区块传播协议,优化网络,将大量的数据广播给大量的验证者
  • 湾流:一种交易转发协议,在没有 mempools(即在验证者处理之前将待处理的转账存储在区块链上的地方)的情况下运行。
  • Sealevel:一种运行时间,允许 Solana 并行处理成千上万的智能合约。
  • Pipelining:一个交易处理单元,用于优化验证
  • Cloudbreak:一个横向扩展的账户数据库
    ​​​​
  • 归档器:一个用于区块链存储多个PB数据的解决方案

​​​​​​​由于所有这些独特的元素、功能和特点,Solana 可以实现出色的可扩展性,同时将安全性和去中心化保持在一个较高的水平。

当前状态(2021年6月29号)

SOL 量化指标:

流通市值(该币种当前流通的量*当前币价)($)

流通量(ADA 币的数目)

上架交易所数

BTC 相关性(使用近七日的币种收盘价格,计算与 BTC 的相关性,越接近 1 正相关度越强,越接近-1 负相关度越强, 0 表示没有相关度)

88.55亿

2.67亿

28间

0.9

 

24H成交额

24H 流通量

换手率(24H 内的成交额/ 流通市值*100%)

24H 最高

24H 最低

24H 波幅(24H 最 高  – 24H最低)/24H 最低

31亿

1479万

5.54%

$34.25

$31.12

10.07

 

比较有名的SOL 项目:

截至25/6/2021,在 SOL DeFi 程式里的总锁仓量为5亿6千万美元。现在 SOL 公链上的 DeFi 项目包括了去中心化交易所 DEX、自动做市商、跨链项目、预言机等。

  1.  Raydium (RAY)
    Raydium 是 SOL 公链上的一个自动做市商,它利用了去中心化交易所 Serum 的订单簿来让用户在 DEX 上提交限价交易,允许用户在 DEX 上使用类似于 CEX 的功能。SOL 公链极快的吞吐量和极为便宜的手续费也能使用户方便的在 Raydium 提交订单与进行吃单等操作,但是目前 Raydium 的功能也有限,例如无法使用市价单、止损等功能。除此之外,Raydium 也提供了基本的 Swap 功能,但目前只提供 SPL 代币的交换。Raydium 也有其他功能如流动性挖矿、质押等。
  2. Serum (SRM)
    Serum 是在 SOL 公链的跨链去中心化交易所 DEX 和衍生品交易平台。Serum 会把订单簿上链并利用智能合约来实现用户之间的自动交易。此外 Serum 也支持跨链转换,把 ERC-20 和 SPL 代币转换。而 Serum 最强大的是它的生态系统,很多在 SOL 上的 Dapp 也会利用 Serum 的链上订单簿创建交易的图形用户界面 GUI,例如上述的 Raydium。
  3. Terra
    算法稳定币发行人 Terra 也着眼于 SOL 的生态系统,现在在 SOL 公链上有着 Terra 和 SOL 的跨链协议,用户能把Terra生态的稳定币高速的转到 SOL 链上,并以此使用 SOL 的生态。
  4. Maps.Me
    Maps.Me 是一个旅行助手和地图应用,在9年运行期间建立了1.4亿的使用群。在2021年,Maps.Me 融资了5000万美元把 DeFi 业务整合到 SOL 公链上,为用户提供旅行指南、旅游观光、外汇收入、现金回赠优惠、全球旅游等功能。MAPS 是在 SOL 公链上发行的项目原生代币,MAPS 持有者将能够从平台提供的服务中获得其收入, MAPS 持有者将能够从平台提供个人化奖励、折扣和特殊服务的服务中获得其收入等。
  5. Audius
    Audius 是一个去中心化音樂串流平台,为音乐艺术家和粉丝提供互动空间,当有人在平台上播放音乐时,艺术家就会直接获得报酬。随着 Audius 越来越受欢迎,因为 SOL 公链的独特优势,Audius 把项目转移到了Solana。
  6. Step.finance
    Step finance 旨在整合和管理在 SOL 公链上的Dapps,用户可以在 Step finance 上观察、分析、执行和汇总所有 Solana 合约的交易。也可以在 Step finance 中与不同 SOL 协议进行互动,包括耕作、池子、互换和自动策略等。

 

SOL 公链优势:

生态协同性

SOL 公链其中一个优势是它的高度协同性,例如 Raydium、Serum 和 Bonfida 的例子,Bonfida 为 Serum 提供了 GUI,而 Raydium 则在维护流动性池方面做得非常好,甚至令 Serum 公开的停止了自己的流动性池维护,并把则功能完全交给 Raydium。此外,也能看到 SOL 公链上的 Dapps 常常在 twitter 社区上互动和互相支持对方,建做出和谐的生态。

强大投资人

Solana 在加密货币业界拥有不少优秀的合作伙伴,包括 Project Serum、FTX、Terra、akash、Chainlink、civic、dfuse、Formatic、Stardust、Kin、Tempest 等。如此强大投资者阵容可见投资者普遍认为 SOL 有相当的投资价值。

 

SOL 公链隐忧:

程式语言限制

目前 SOL 公链上的编程语言为 Rust,一个类似于 C 的语言,由于此语言并不兼容于 Solidity,也不相容于以太坊虚拟机 EVM。因此开发者无法像币安链般把项目从以太坊建议迁移到链上。而相对于以太坊和币安链,使用 Rust 的程序员非常少。

 

六小时網路中斷事故

在2020年12月4日,SOL 主网曾出现近6小时的网络中断,期间网络停止出块,也无法确认新交易。网络在当天在214个节点验证下重启,而触发这事故的 Bug 也已被修复。根据 SOL 往后的价格走势来看,这次事故并没有引发投资者太大的隐忧。

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